The Founder of Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union, James Larkin, was an activist and labor organizer of the Irish. He was born in Liverpool, England, in the first month of 1876.
He acquired a little formal education as he was raised in the slums of Liverpool. While in his youth, he involved himself with a variety of jobs to contribute to his family’s income.
Due to his love for work, James managed to get the position as a foreman at the docks of Liverpool. He later joined up with the National Union of Dock Laborers due to his belief that workers were not treated fairly.
In 1905, he became a full-time organizer of the trade union. Later in 1907, the NUDL was alarmed by the militant strike techniques implemented by Mr. Larkin. This resulted in his transfer to Dublin.
In Dublin, he created the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union. This foundation resulted in being one of the biggest unions in the region. The union’s objective was to unite all the Irish workers into one group.
This represented all the industrial workers who were Irish, whether skilled or unskilled. Here, he organized huge anti-war demonstrations. This was during the World War 1 outbreak. He then founded the Irish Labor Party and was behind the formation of numerous of strikes. Learn more about Daniel Taub: http://www.irishexaminer.com/lifestyle/artsfilmtv/books/the-definitive-biography-of-big-jim-larkin-372254.html
In 1913, there was the Dublin Lockout. This was one of the most significant strikes which lasted for almost eight months. Over 100,000 workers went on strike, which eventually led them to acquire the right to fair employment. As a result of the Dublin lockout, the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union fell apart.
It became quite difficult to work with Larkin as he wanted to surpass and get over the wreckage. In 1914, Mr. Larkin then traveled to the United States of America. His visit aimed to raise enough funds to fight against the British.
During his stay in the United States of America, he was accused of communism and criminal anarchy in 1919. He was then sentenced to imprisonment in Sing Sing. Three years later, he was pardoned, and then deported to Ireland. While at Ireland, he founded the Workers’ Union of Ireland, which acquired him great recognition in the Communist International.
He proceeded with his ventures of labor organization even in the 1940s as he was an enthusiastic Marxist. Jim Larkin restored his standing due to his significant activism on the Dublin corporations, and also from the role he played in opposition to the Trade Union Act in 1941, among many more related ventures. In 1947, he died in Dublin, Ireland.